Search for...

Bulgaria’s Startup Ecosystem for Beginners: 10 Key Facts

Map of South East Europe
Image credit: Canva

Bulgaria’s startup scene is buzzing with innovation and growth. Fueled by strategic location, outstanding talents, and supportive government initiatives, it’s become an appealing spot for entrepreneurs and investors.

Bulgaria ranks #2 by combined enterprise value per capita in 2022 in Southeast Europe according to Dealroom data (Croatia being at #1), while Bulgaria, Romania and Greece together make up more than 70% of the SEE ecosystem enterprise value in 2022. Moreover, the country is one of the leading investor hubs in SEE with Bulgarian VCs investing in companies throughout the region.

We prepared some key insights into the dynamic world of Bulgaria’s startup ecosystem. Dive deeper!

Bulgaria Startup scene

Bulgaria is home to over 800 startups. The entrepreneurial ecosystem has been flourishing, especially in the last five years. In fact, a whopping €1B has been invested in Bulgarian and Bulgarian-founded deep tech & AI startups, according to The Recursive’s report “State of AI Innovation in CEE”.

The country’s advantageous tax policies, access to EU funding, highly skilled workforce, competitive pricing, and low cost of living, make it an appealing destination for entrepreneurs seeking to establish and expand their enterprises. ⅓ of startups are set up by non-Bulgarians according to data from British Private Equity and Venture Capital Association (BVCA). 

Moreover, in 2023 Bulgaria introduced the Variable Capital Company (VCC), which allows entrepreneurs to retain more control and contribute positively to the local economy, as a part of a wider regulatory framework that seeks to make the business environment favorable for innovative businesses.

Infographic about Bulgarian startup scene

VC Funding Landscape in Bulgaria

Venture capital firms play a crucial role in fueling the Bulgarian startup scene, not just with financial means, but also offering valuable strategic advice to founders. The Bulgarian investment landscape has gained maturity, with larger rounds and greater participation of venture capital funds.

  • A wave of new funds has emerged in Bulgaria since 2012, spurred by the establishment of the Bulgarian Fund of Funds which allocates targeted public funds from EU programs and national co-financing, using different financial instruments.
  • Bulgaria leads in Southeast Europe when it comes to the number of locally-based VC funds, with around €500M capital under management by Bulgarian-based GPs, according to Dealroom data.
Read more:  The Oradea tech ecosystem with David Achim: “We want to bring more confidence locally"

Chart on Bulgarian VC funds

Unicorn & Future Unicorns 

2021 and 2022 have been the strongest years for unicorn creation in CEE, with the number of unicorns more than doubling since December 2020. Bulgaria contributed to these statistics with the emergence of its first officially $1B valued private company in 2022 – the financial platform for expense, payments, and invoice management Payhawk

Thank you for reading The Recursive!

Over 1 million people from all over the world have learned about the tech ecosystem in Central and Eastern Europe thanks to The Recursive. In order to keep our content free for everyone, we need your help. If you believe what we do is important and have the means to do so, support us in giving a voice to Central and Eastern Europe with as little as €7. Thank you!

DONATE Keep reading this article

Help us grow the emerging innovation hubs in Central and Eastern Europe

Every single contribution of yours helps us guarantee our independence and sustainable future. With your financial support, we can keep on providing constructive reporting on the developments in the region, give even more global visibility to our ecosystem, and educate the next generation of innovation journalists and content creators.

Find out more about how your donation could help us shape the story of the CEE entrepreneurial ecosystem!

One-time donation

You can also support The Recursive’s mission with a pick-any-amount, one-time donation. 👍

Teodora Atanasova is a News Editor at The Recursive. She covers everything around funding rounds, exits, startups expanding to international markets, big tech opening R&D in CEE, meaningful for the ecosystem partnerships.