From developing mobile apps and e-commerce platforms to building AI-driven solutions and blockchain technology, different types of software engineers are at the forefront of technology advancements. Their expertise and skills are key for businesses to stay competitive in a rapidly changing digital landscape, while also contributing to the overall growth of the industry.
According to regional tech job board Joberty, which is present in Serbia, Bulgaria and Romania, despite the fact that the last quarter of 2023 was marred by recruitment freeze and layoffs within the regional IT community, the demand for certain types of software engineers is still very much going strong.
“Based on our data, the biggest demand is still for Backend roles (around 20% of all roles), then Fullstack (15%), Frontend (12%) and other roles with less than 10%, such as QAs, DevOps, Data Since, Mobile, etc. Also, we can see a steady demand for non-dev roles, mostly Management roles, Sales, HR, Marketing,” Joberty’s Chief Sales & Operations Officer Djordje Vukotić tells The Recursive.
In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the types of software engineers that are most in demand right now and the value they provide for startups and businesses.
Backend developers are responsible for designing and developing the server-side of web applications. They work with programming languages like Java, Python, PHP, and Ruby on Rails to create and maintain application servers, databases, and APIs. The demand for backend developers has increased due to the growing need for companies to create scalable, reliable, and secure backend infrastructures that can handle large amounts of data.
Fullstack developers are proficient in both the frontend and backend aspects of web development. They can handle everything from the user interface to the backend architecture of an application. Fullstack developers are highly sought after because they have a wide range of skills, which makes them versatile and valuable assets for any organization.
According to the Bulgarian job board DEV.BG, while there is a decline in the overall number of tech job positions in Bulgaria, there’s still a shortage on the market.
Quality Assurance (QA) Engineers
QA engineers are responsible for testing software applications to ensure that they meet the required standards of functionality, usability, and security. They use a variety of tools and techniques to identify bugs, vulnerabilities, and performance issues before they reach end-users. The demand for QA engineers has increased due to the growing emphasis on delivering high-quality software products that meet the needs of customers.
DevOps engineers are responsible for bridging the gap between software development and operations. They work to automate the deployment, testing, and monitoring of software applications using tools like Jenkins, Git, and Docker. The demand for DevOps engineers has increased due to the growing need for companies to deliver software faster and more efficiently.
Data scientists are responsible for analyzing and interpreting large datasets to extract insights and trends that can inform business decisions. They work with machine learning algorithms, statistical models, and data visualization tools to create actionable insights from complex data sets. The demand for data scientists has increased due to the growing importance of data-driven decision-making in businesses across various industries.
Mobile developers are responsible for creating applications for mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets. They work with programming languages like Swift and Java to develop native applications for iOS and Android platforms. The demand for mobile developers has increased due to the growing reliance on mobile devices for everyday tasks, such as shopping, banking, and communication.
As the tech industry continues to evolve, it is likely that the demand for these professionals will only increase. Therefore, those that want to stay competitive in the digital age will need to hire more and more skilled software engineers and professionals who can help them build and maintain the complex structures that power their businesses.